Ningbo, called Yong for short, is located midway on the eastern coast of China, in the South of the Yangtze River Delta and the east part of Zhejiang province(28º51'-30º33’N and 120º55'-122º16’E). It is naturally sheltered by Zhoushan Archipelago in the east, borders on Hangzhou Bay in the north, neighbors on the city of Shaoxing in the west, and faces Sanmen Bay in the south, adjacent to the city of Taizhou.
Ningbo has enjoyed a history of over 7,000 years. The Neolithic Hemudu Culture Ruins show that Ningbo is one of the birthplaces of rice planting on the earth. Ningbo was called “Yin” in the Xia Dynasty (before 2000 B.C.), was within the boundary of the state of Yue during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.), including three counties of Yin, Mao and Gouzhang under the jurisdiction of Kuaiji Prefecture in the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.), and called Mingzhou in the Tang Dynasty (618-907A.D.). In the year of 821, the prefecture seat of Mingzhou was moved to the “three-river-junction” and set up an inner city, which marked the foundation of the city. In the year of 1381, the city got the present name—Ningbo, which means “calm wave”.
Districts & Popularity
Under Ningbo’s jurisdiction, there are six urban districts of Haishu, Jiangdong, Jiangbei, Zhenhai, Beilun and Yinzhou, three county-level cities of Yuyao, Cixi and Fenghua, and two counties of Xiangshan and Ninghai. Ningbo covers a total area of 9,816 km2, with a population of 5.604 million. And the urban districts cover 2,462 km2, with 2.158 million people.
Ningbo offers a subtropical monsoon climate, featuring mild temperatures, moderate humidity and distinct seasons. The annual average temperature is 16.4ºC, with hottest month, July(28ºC in average) and the coldest one, January(4.7ºC in average). No-frost season lasts 230-240 days a year. The annual average precipitation is around1,400mm, of which the precipitation in the months from May to September accounts for 60%.